Advanced Scientific Knowledge
Though the Bible is not a science book, when it touches on scientific
matters it is either completely accurate or non-contradictory, and often
demonstrates remarkable fore-knowledge. There are many scientific facts
mentioned in the Bible that were not understood by man until centuries
after the Bible was written. Following are a few examples:
The Earth and Space
The earth's shape is perhaps the most important to deal with first since
many critics claim that the Bible portrays the earth as flat. This couldn't
be farther from the truth and in my opinion is one of the most vaporous
arguments used by skeptics against the Bible. There is not a single passage
that plainly states that the earth is flat1.
The groundswell of this criticism gets its roots from the inaccurate but
common belief among many that the ancients on up through the middle ages
believed that the earth was flat. The truth is, virtually all learned
people have known for the last 2500 years that the earth is spherical
[please see footnote 2].
Before the learned ancients surmised that the earth was spherical, the
divinely inspired Isaiah wrote "It is He who sits above the circle
of the earth...(Isaiah 40:22)". In addition, from the Book
of Job we have "He stretches out the north over empty space;
he hangs the earth on nothing (Job 26:7)". It should be
noted that just last century scientists believed space consisted of a
hypothetical substance called Ether (not the chemical), which was the
medium between the celestial bodies. Also, the pagans of that time
believed in such things as a mythical Atlas character who supported the
pillars that held heaven and earth apart, and later carried the earth
around on his shoulders. Another interesting tidbit that illuminates the
divine nature of Job 26:7 is the recent discovery of a huge hole in space
in the direction of the northern hemisphere3.
First and Second Laws of Thermodynamics
The 1st Law of Thermodynamics states that matter can be neither created
nor destroyed, and that the amount of matter in the universe remains constant.
If the First Law is correct, which every scientific measurement ever made
has confirmed, then the universe could not have created itself, it must
have been created in the past, no further creating must be going on, and
no loss of creation is occurring. The Bible is the only religious book
that correctly portrays the First Law by 1) its description in Genesis
of a Creator who is no longer creating, and 2) a Creator who is "upholding
all things by the word of his power (Heb 1:3)" .
The 2nd Law of Thermodynamics, which states that all systems degenerate
from order to disorder, was regarded by Albert Einstein to be the premier
Law in science. Again the Bible is the only religious book to accurately
describe this Law: "For the heavens will vanish away like smoke,
the earth will grow old like a garment... (Isa 51:6)",
and also a New Testament rendering: "You, Lord, in the beginning
laid the foundation of the earth, and the heavens are the work of Your
hands. They will perish, but You remain; and they will all grow old like
a garment; (Heb 1:10-11)"
The Hydrologic Cycle
The circulation and conservation of earth's water is called the hydrologic
cycle, which is accurately portrayed in several passages of the Bible,
including the following: "For He draws up drops of water, which
distill as rain from the mist, which the clouds drop down and pour abundantly
on man. (Job 36:27-28)" . Centuries after the
Book of Job was written, Aristotle demonstrated only a vague understanding
of this process. Though he recognized that rain came from clouds, he incorrectly
postulated that air turned into water and vice versa.
It has only recently been learned that most clouds are formed by ocean
evaporation, but again the Bible had it right centuries ago: "All
the rivers run into the sea, yet the sea is not full; to the place from
which the rivers come, there they return again (Eccl 1:7)".
The complex nature of how water is supported in clouds despite being heavier
than air is clearly implied when God declared to Job "Do you
know how the clouds are balanced, those wondrous works of Him who is perfect
in knowledge (Job 37:16).
The value of Pi
In the verse of the Bible that contains a circumference and diameter
(1 Kings 7:23), the Hebrew word for circumference contains an extra character
at the end that can only add value to the word by applying Gematria (each
Hebrew letter also represents a number). When taking the ratio of the
added character to the value of the original word, the value of Pi is
achieved to within 4 decimal places! A more in-depth article by Chuck
Missler can be found here.
Scientists have only recently discovered springs of water in the depths
of the oceans4. Perhaps
this is what the Bible is referring to in the following: "Have
you entered the springs of the sea? Or have you walked in search of the
depths? (Job 38:16)".
Man from Dust
Researchers at NASA's Ames Research Center confirmed that every element
in man can be found in the soil, prompting one of the scientists to say
"...the biblical scenario for
the creation of life turns out to be not far off the mark"5.
Gravitational Properties of Constellations
God asked Job “Can you bind the cluster of the Pleiades, Or loose
the belt of Orion?” (Job 38:31). In the last century astrophysicists
have discovered that the stars of Pleiades move in unison with each other,
and are thus gravitationally bound. They have also discovered that the
stars in the belt of Orion are free agents that are not gravitationally bound!6 Interestingly, the three stars that comprise Orion's belt appear to be
closer together than the outer stars in the constellation, but are
actually farther apart! (they appear closer together because of the 2-D
plane we see them in).
Vast number of stars in the Universe
God said to Abraham 'Look now toward heaven, and count the stars
if you are able to number them.' And He said to him, 'So shall your descendants
be.'(Gen 15:5)". And through the prophet Jeremiah, 'As
the host of heaven (stars) cannot be numbered, nor the sand of the sea
measured, so will I multiply the descendants of David My servant (Jeremiah
33:22). And finally, in the New Testament "Therefore
from one man, ...were born as many as the stars of the sky in multitude--
innumerable as the sand which is by the seashore. (Hebrews 11:12)"
Before the invention of the telescope in 1608, scientists throughout history,
including the famous astronomer Ptolemy (150 AD), taught that the total
number of stars in the heavens was under 3000. On a clear night the naked
eye can only count about 1000 stars. However, because of telescopes such
as the Hubble, we now know there are countless billions upon
billions of stars in the universe - just as God had revealed to us several
thousand years ago through the Bible.
Precise dimensions of Noah's Ark
The dimensions of Noah's Ark as described in the Bible are ideal for stability. In fact, South Korean
architects who examined the dimensions found that
the boat was virtually impossible to capsize! Their modeling and
analysis found that the ark could survive waves higher than 30 meters!
(note that a typical tsunami is only 10 meters high)
7. Many other cultures have flood
legends similar to the account in the Bible, but their ark descriptions
were never palatable. For example, the Babylonian Gilgamesh Flood
legend described an ark that was shaped like a cube, which would be
horrible for stability.
"When the Bible touches on
scientific subjects, it is entirely accurate." Dr. Donald
DeYoung, Ph.D. (Physics)
1. Critics will commonly point to several passages
that refer to "the four corners of the earth", such as in Isaiah
11:12, but often fail to grasp that this is a colloquialism that is still
used today to portray the four compass extremities of the earth. Indeed,
the Strongs Greek/Hebrew dictionary defines the word "corner"
(gonia) as angle, or quadrant.
2. It is important to note that an incredibly
dubious bit of revisionist history occurred in the 1800s that resulted
in many people today, including Christians, falling into the belief that
the ancients and early church fathers adhered to a flat earth. This was
an unfortunately effective lie perpetrated by several unscrupulous men
in the battle of humanism over the Bible. This isn't an indictment of
modern critics, as I too was taught that for centuries people believed
the earth was flat, recalling stories such as those poor ship's crewmen
who were worried about sailing over the corner of the earth. The dishonest
nature of this revisionism is slowly being dispelled. For more information
I recommend Jeffrey Burton Russell's book Inventing the Flat Earth:
Columbus & Modern Historians. Dr. Danny R Faulkner also has a
fine article regarding this subject in Creation
Matters, Vol 2, Number 6.
3. Astronomers find gaping hole in the Universe August 23, 2007. Also, Mitchell Waldrop, Delving the Hole in
Space, Science Magazine, Nov. 27, 1981.
5. Readers Digest, November 1982
Hong, S.W. et al.,
Safety investigation of Noah’s Ark in a seaway,
TJ 8(1):26–36, 1994. All the co-authors are on the staff of
the Korea Research Institute of Ships and Ocean Engineering